What are Anxiety Disorders?

anxiety disorder

It is an emotional condition that everyone feels now and then. For example, a person feels nervous when he faces a problem, likewise, at work, before taking a test or before making any critical decision.

However, anxiety disorders are different; they are traumatic mental condition and distress. They keep a person carrying on with life usually. 

Besides, some people worry and fear constant or overwhelming, or maybe disabling. Instead, this many people can manage those feelings and get back to fulfilling life.

Types of Disorders

Although it can happen from unwanted circumstances, however, that terms include the conditions:

  • Panic disorder is the attack in which a person feels terror that strikes at random. When a person gets such an attack, he experiences excessive sweat, chest pain, palpitations. Moreover, it may also become worse in which a person feels like choking or a heart attack. 
  • A social anxiety disorder that is also known as social phobia. However, in this distress, a person feel worries and self-consciousness about everyday social situations.
  • Specific Phobias in which a person feels fear of a particular object or situation. For example, fear of heights or flying. 
  • Generalised Anxiety Disorder is the condition in which a person experiences excessive, unrealistic worry and tension with little or no reason.

Signs and Symptoms

There are some general symptoms that are the signs of an anxiety disorder include: 

  • Shortness of breath
  • Heart palpitations
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Tense muscles
  • Panic, fear, and agitation
  • Sleep problems
  • Not being able to stay calm and still
  • Cold, sweaty, numb or tingling hands or feet
  • Dizziness


In studies, it didn’t get clear what exactly brings on anxiety disorders like other forms of mental illness. The factors related to the combination of things that may be changing in your brain, genes, or environment.

However, the disorder can be genetics that runs in the family or may link to faulty circuits in the brain. 


If you ever feel or experiences any symptoms ask your doctor about it. Your doctor will examine them and request your medical records. However, he may also run frequents tests to rule out the causes of illness from your symptoms.

Moreover, if your doctor finds out what medical reason makes you feel such, he will also send you to a psychiatric, psychologist, or another metal treatment expert. These experts will question you and may also use tools to find out if you have an anxiety disorder.

He will also tell you how long and intense your symptoms are, and he will diagnose you. 


Medications: there are many antidepressant medications available to treat anxiety disorders. They include Lexapro and Prozac. Anticonvulsant and antiepileptic drugs are also helpful in treating such conditions that that also used for epilepsy.

Anxiolytics medications are mostly prescribed medication to lower the stress. These are effective medication include Xanax, Ativan or Klonopin. However, they are helpful in Generalised Anxiety Distress as well as for panic disorders. 

These are effective medicines, but they are prescription one. Due to the risk factors of addiction, these medicines are illegal to use without a prescription. They work on the brain and nervous system and produce calming effects like euphoria. 

Besides, Cognitive behavioral therapy is also helpful in treating such conditions. It is a specific type of psychotherapy, in which a person learns how to recognize and change the thought pattern. It deep triggers behaviors that cause distress or panic.

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