Erectile Dysfunction – Symptoms, causes and Medications

Erectile Dysfunction – Symptoms, causes and Medications

What is Erectile Dysfunction (ED)?

Erectile Dysfunction is an inability in which it is harder to get an erection firm enough to masturbate. Erectile dysfunction is sometimes referred to as impotence; however, this term is now used less often. 

Episodic ED is not uncommon; most of the men experience it while they are stressed. Moreover, frequent ED can be a sign of health problems that should be treated, although it may also be a sign of relationship difficulties. A patient suffering from such condition needs to consult a professional doctor. 

What causes an erection?

Erectile dysfunction may occur in any circumstance of the erection process. However, an erection is a result of the required blood flow into a particular area. Blood flow is usually stimulated by sexual thoughts, talks, or direct contact with the penis.

When a man gets excited about sex, muscles present in the penis relax. It allows the blood flow to the penile arteries, filling to chambers in the penis. As soon as the blood fills the chamber, the penis grows rigid.

However, an erection stops when the muscles compact and the collected blood can flow out by the penile arteries.

What are the causes of Erectile Dysfunction?

Although there are many possible conditions that may cause ED, and they include both physical and emotional conditions. Some of the common causes include:

  • Depression, stress
  • relationship dilemmas
  • several prescription medications that treat high blood pressure or depression
  • sleep disorders
  • drug/stimulant use
  • drinking too much alcohol
  • using tobacco products
  • cardiovascular disease
  • diabetes
  • hypertension, or high blood pressure
  • raised cholesterol
  • obesity
  • low testosterone levels or other hormone imbalances
  • kidney disease
  • grown age
  • anxiety
  • some health conditions, (Parkinson’s disease or multiple sclerosis (MS))
  • damage in the pelvic area through injury or surgery
  • Peyronie’s disease, by which scar tissue develops in the penis

However, ED mainly occurs by any of these conditions, or maybe by several. That’s why it is good to talk with your doctor so, he can rule out to treat your condition

Erectile Dysfunction Treatment

Although the treatment of Erectile Dysfunction depends upon the underlying causes. You may need to take the medication of several combinations of procedures, that include medical or talk therapy.


There are many available medications to treat erectile dysfunction. Your doctor will prescribe you to manage your symptoms. You may need to try a few treatments before you find out what works for you best. 

The following oral medications stimulate the blood flow to your pelvic arteries to treat ED:

Sildenafil (Viagra)

Tadalafil (Cialis)

Avanafil (Stendra)

Vardenafil (Staxyn, Levitra)

However, Testosterone therapy (TRT) is also helpful is you have low levels of testosterone.

Some of the medications for other conditions that cause ED, ask your doctor if your medicines are causing these symptoms or whether they cause them. Besides, there are others that you can take instead. Additionally, never stop taking the medication without asking the doctor if you are taking prescription medicines.

Moreover, opioid medications for ED may cause side effects, if you are experiencing unwanted effects, talk with your doctor. You doctor may able to recommend another medication. 

Viagra, Cialis and Levitra are the medications that treat erectile dysfunction. All of these medications are highly effective in treating such symptoms. 

Additionally, they all are short-term medications. It is recommended to take them only when needed or once in a day or 30 to 60 minutes before intercourse. 

They are highly effective medications, but they all require a prescription. Prolonged use of drugs to treat erectile dysfunction can damage your penis also. 

However, these medications (Levitra, Cialis, Viagra, or other) would not help if you already get an erection quickly. If you are prescribed for the medication, sexual activity is needed to know whether the medication is working or not. 

Erectile Dysfunction Symptoms

You may have erectile dysfunction if you have:

  • Loss or reduced interest in sex;
  • Trouble getting an erection; or,
  • If you face difficulty in maintaining an erection during sexual activities.

Some of the other sexual disorders that are related to erectile dysfunction include:

  • anorgasmia, or the failure to achieve orgasm after plentiful stimulation
  • early ejaculation
  • delayed ejaculation

Talk with your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms, especially if they have lasted for more than three months. He will help you to determine your symptoms that are caused by an underlying condition that requires treatment. 

Risk Factors

There are many risk factors that may involve in developing your erectile dysfunction. However, these risk factors may be related to your blood circulation and blood flow. Other risk factors can include several injuries. 

Increasing age is also one of the causes of your erectile dysfunction. As you grow older, you may find it out that are getting trouble in an erection. However, you may also notice that you require direct stimulation to get an erection.

Additional risk factors include:

  • sustaining damage to or having surgery on the pelvic area
  • Using specific medications, such as antidepressants or blood pressure medicines
  • experiencing a particular medical procedure, such as radiation therapy for cancer
  • using tobacco products, drugs, or alcohol
  • a medical situation such as cardiovascular disease or diabetes
  • a psychological infirmity such as agitation or depression
  • overweight, especially obesity

You should always be sure about your health. And, if you are facing any signs of ED, ask your doctor, or make regular check ups. Doing this may help with early identification and therapy of conditions that can lead to ED.

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